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ギター・エフェクト・ペダルの歴史をまとめたインフォグラフィックが公開され話題に

2016/02/19 16:33掲載
A Brief History of Guitar Effects Pedals [Infographic]
A Brief History of Guitar Effects Pedals [Infographic]
ギター・エフェクト・ペダルの歴史をまとめたインフォグラフィックが公開され話題に。40年代から現在までの歴史を要約しています。

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<紹介内容>

●1940s
1948 DeArmond Trem Trol 800 – first commercially produced standalone effects unit – This effect unit was used by Bo Diddley

This device produced a tremolo by passing an instrument’s electrical signal through a water-based electrolytic fluid.

●1950s
In the 1950s most guitar amplifiers came with built in effects such as tremolo, vibrato and reverb.

These amps didn’t have a distortion effect built in however guitarists purposefully increased the gain to create certain distorted sounds.

Notable musicians to experiment with distortion were:

Willie Johnson of Howlin’ Wolf
Goree Carter
Joe Hill Louis
The Kings of Rhythm, Ike Turner – Song: Rocket 88 – Cut his speakers to make a distorted effect.
Guitar Slim
Chuck Berry
Guitar pedals:

1958 WEM COPICAT Super IC-300 – delay and echo
1958 The DeArmond 610 – Jimmy Page on Brenda Lee’s “Is It True”

●1960s
1962 – The Ventures for their song “The 2000 Pound Bee”. One of the first to use a homemade distortion fuzz box.
1962 – The first transistorized guitar effect was the 1962 Maestro Fuzz Tone pedal. This was the first distortion based pedal available to the public – Famously used by Keith Richards, Rolling Stones’ Can’t Get No Satisfaction
1967 Warwick Electronics started selling the first wah-wah pedal. Kelsey-Morris Sound’s Jim Morris also made the first octave effect pedal in 1967 which was famously used by Jimi Hendrix.
1967 – Vox Cry Baby Wah-Wah – Used by Jimmy Hendrix “purple haze”
1967 – Honey Psychedelic Machine Vibra-Chorus
1968 Univox started selling the Uni-Vibe Pedal. A phase shift and chorus effects pedal used by both Jimi Hendrix and Robin Trower. Jimi Hendrix used it to record the guitar solos on “Purple Haze” and “Fire”
1969 – Univox U-250 Uni-Fuzz used by Pete Townshend solo in “Young Man Blues” Live at leeds

●1970s
By the 1970s there were several new solid state effects pedals being sold to the public. These include: phase, ring modulators, chorus and flanger guitar effects pedals.

1972 – Mu-tron III envelope filter used by Jerry Garcia – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXyFyS0-Ec4
1975 – Ap7 Jet Phaser combined fuzz and phaser with a fast / slow ramp switch – used by Larry Graham – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-9gpjWVvh0
1975 – H910 Harmonizer pitchshifter – Eddie Van Halen and Frank Zappa
197x – Big Muff Pi Fuzz – Used by David Gilmour in Pink Floyd’s Animals tour.
1978 – Boss DS-1 distortion pedal
1978 – A/DA Flanger – Eddie Van Halen’s guitar on “Unchained”

●1980s
1980s saw the rise of digitised rackmount units instead of the traditional stompboxes. These new digital effects units combined multiple pre-set effects within a single unit.

1982 – Boss SCC700 multi effects unit allowed 7 compact effects pedals to be controlled with one single switch press
1987 – Roland GP-8 comprising a dynamic filter (wah), compressor, overdrive, distortion, equalizer, digital delay and chorus. Used by Status Quo Francis Rossi

●1990s
1990s digital guitar pedals continued to improve in quality and popularity.

After Nirvana’s success guitarist Kurt Cobain re-sparked the interest in the lo-tech guitar effects pedals.

1991 – Digitech Whammy offering three different effect modes used by Rage Against The Machine’s Tom Morello “Bullet in the Head”
1994 – Zoom 9002 – Light weight multi function pedal – signature models from Brian May, Richie Sambora and Tim Kelly.
1995 – Roland V-Guitar System VG-8
1995 – BOSS GT-5 a cheaper and more popular version of the VG-8

●2000+
Beyond the year 2000 there were numerous popular effects pedals released.

2005 – Electro-Harmonix POG – Used by Jack White of the White Stripes
Ibanez TS808 Vintage Tube Screamer Reissue – Original used by Stevie Ray Vaughan
Blackstar HT-DISTX – Used by Opeth, Razorlight, The Donots, Rose Tattoo, Pat Travers bands
MXR EVH Eddie Van Halen Phase 90
2008 – Boss Super Chorus CH-1
Zoom 707
2001 Boss RC20 Loopstation